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TMD

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TMD

What is TMD? + -

TMD stands for Temporomandibular Joint Disorder. TMD is caused when there are problems with the muscles and nerves in the facial region affecting one or both joints causing pain or limited function. TMD affects 7 in 10 people at some point during their lives. 1 in 4 is aware of the symptoms and reports them to a dentist or medical practitioner and only 5 in 100 people seek treatment for TMD.

What causes TMD? + -

Whilst the main cause of TMD is unknown, there are various factors that can aggravate and influence TMD, such as:

  • Missing teeth
  • Grinding and clenching
  • Emotional and physical stress
  • Conditions such as osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis
  • Trauma such as fractures or dislocation of jaw
  • Post orthodontic treatment (incorrect jaw position)
  • Unnecessary orthodontic extraction
  • Undiagnosed TMD (worsens)

What are the symptoms of TMD? + -

Some of the most common symptoms of TMD may include:

  • Clicking of the jaw
  • Migraines
  • pressure at the back of eyes
  • Jaw locking or moves out place
  • Tenderness of jaw muscles
  • Limited jaw movement
  • Face, neck and shoulder pain
  • Grinding (teeth may appear to be chipping and losing vertical dimension)

How do I treat TMD? + -

The aim when treating TMD is to lessen or relive pain, restore jaw function and enable you to carry out your normal daily activates. To help achieve this our dentists work alongside several health disciplines, the dentist may:

  • Advise a custom made occlusal splint
  • Prescribe pain relief
  • Refer you to a specialist regarding TMD
  • Refer to Craniopathic chiropractor
  • In severe cases refer to a surgeon

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